How to care for and feed salamanders


It is true that the salamanders have cute faces. It’s also a fact that they are relatively easy to care for, as long as you know how to take care of them properly. WikiHow will help you with this topic (the salamanders don’t need help being cute or looking great). Read these guides to learn the best ways to care for your salamander.

The housing of your salamander

Find an aquarium or terrarium to house your salamander.

The aquariums or terrariums for reptiles are the best housing for your dear salamander. You should choose a 40 liter terrarium. It offers enough space for the salamander to hide, burrow and sleep through the day. The aquariums are best suited for aquatic salamanders and semi-aquatic salamanders. Make sure you thoroughly clean the aquarium or terrarium before making a home for your salamander. You can also use a plastic or acrylic tank if you don’t want to buy a glass tank.

Make sure the cymbal has a tight-fitting lid.

The salamanders are excellent climbers and they will quickly climb the sides of a 40 liter terrarium. That’s why it’s important that you have a lid that fits the tank perfectly so your salamander can’t escape. Wire mesh covers are best because they provide your salamander with adequate ventilation. If you can’t buy a chicken wire cover, a hood will work as a cover.

Decide if your salamander needs an aquatic, semi-aquatic, or terrestrial habitat.

That depends on the type of salamander you own or want to get. If you’re not sure which salamander you prefer, ask at your pet store or do some research online. The water salamanders or aquatic salamanders, like the axolotl spend their entire lives in the water. The semi-aquatic salamanders should have a terrarium that is divided half into an aquatic and half a land area. The terrestrial salamanders should not have an aquatic area in their terrarium.

Set up your pool.

Again, it depends on what type of salamander you own. Consider the individual steps listed here as a rough guide. You can set up your pool as creatively as you want. Aquatic Tank: You should have an aquarium in which to house your salamander. Scatter the bottom of the tank with 2 inches of washed aquarium gravel. Slowly incline the pool so that the filled layer has a depth of 7.5 cm instead of 5 cm. Plant some aquatic plants in the gravel, but remember that you will need to replace them very often because the salamanders can be quite rough with the aquatic plants. Semi-aquatic tank: Divide your tank with a piece of plexiglass so that one side can be filled with water and the other side set up with soil. Sprinkle 5 cm of aquarium gravel on the aquatic side and put some aquatic plants inside. Build a sloped exit with the gravel so your salamander can step off the water onto land. On the land side you sprinkle 5 cm of aquarium gravel and cover it with substrate (ground cover). The substrate should be a mulchy soil such as shredded bark or coco coir. Cover this layer with sterile garden soil or peat. Terrestrial Terrarium: Set up the terrarium the same way as the land side of the semi-aquatic tank, but set up the whole tank the same way. Add plants and moss.

Provide your terrestrial salamander with a bowl of water.

You can use a relatively small and flat bowl. The terrestrial salamanders are not good swimmers and some of them can even drown in a deep bowl of water.

Complete the outfit with some hiding plants.

No matter what type of salamander you own, you should always provide it with some good hiding spots. The salamanders can get stressed very quickly, so it’s better for them to have a few spots to rest. Rocky burrows, pieces of pottery, large chunks of tree bark, and store-bought ready-made ‘hideouts’ will make your salamander very happy.

Clean the pool weekly.

Take out the salamander while wearing gloves. Put him in a safe place where he can’t hurt himself while you clean his home. Scrub his house and rinse it with hot water. Then rub it dry and put the salamander back in.

lighting and heating

Use a broad-spectrum light for your salamander.

Do not place the tank with your salamander in direct sunlight, as the sun can heat up the tank too much. Use a timer to turn the light on and off according to the natural light source in the salamander’s natural habitat. This means that the ‘days’ and the ‘nights’ will be longer or shorter depending on the seasons your salamander would live in the wild.

Provide your salamander with whatever temperature it is comfortable with.

The temperature you set depends on the species of salamander. The salamanders from the temperate climate zones will not need any additional heating. The salamanders from tropical and semi-tropical areas will need warmth. Ask your pet store or search the internet for information on what temperature your salamander needs. Always ensure different temperature ranges. One side of the terrarium should always be warmer than the other. To provide the salamanders with the temperature they need, you can use one of the following options. : Aquatic heaters for aquariums: These underwater heaters will increase the water temperature and humidity in the terrarium. Heating Pad: It can be placed under one side of the tank. Heat lamp: You should monitor this type of heat source closely because it can destroy the plants in your terrarium. You will also need to adjust the distance from the lamp to the terrarium.

health and handling

Only offer your salamander filtered water.

You will need to filter the water for your salamander regularly. You can use a circulating water filter or set up your filter in a different way. Offer your terrestrial salamanders filtered water. You can offer the salamanders filtered tap water to filter out the chlorine and chlorine nitrates. You can also give them bottled spring water to drink.

Don’t touch your salamander.

Contrary to the fact that their cute little faces can encourage picking up the salamanders, try to avoid touching the salamander. The oils on human hands can make the salamander sick. On the other hand, salamanders can carry or emit various secretions on their skin that can make people sick. That’s why it’s better for everyone if you just watch your salamander than touch it. If you touch your salamander, for example, because you have to take a specimen out of the terrarium or if an animal is injured, wash your hands with very hot, soapy water. Make sure you rinse off the soap thoroughly.

Allow your salamander to hibernate.

The salamanders from the cooler climates burrow into the ground for the winter months. Because it’s not nice to have an ’empty’ tank lying around, salamanders usually die at a younger age. .

Feeding the salamanders

Know that salamanders are nocturnal.

Therefore it is best to feed the salamanders at night when they are most active. Set an alarm when you first have the salamanders home, otherwise you might forget to feed them at night.

Feed your salamander two or three times a week.

Keep in mind that your salamander may not eat for the first few days in the new environment. The salamanders get nervous easily and when introduced to a new environment it will take them a few days to get used to their new home. Other salamanders immediately feel at home in their new home and eat with gusto from day one. If you bought a young salamander, you should feed it daily until it stops growing and has matured into an adult.

Provide your salamander with a balanced diet.

The salamanders are carnivores. They like to hunt their prey. Because of this preference, you will need to feed your salamander live food. If all you can offer him is dead food, frozen food is better than dried. The salamanders love: : Live earthworms, live dewworms (from a tackle shop), bloodworms and crickets (sold at pet stores), live waxworms and snails. The salamanders will also eat frozen bloodworms, but you will need to move the bloodworms around to get your salamander’s attention. Offer brine crabs to your aquatic salamanders. You can also feed them water fleas and water flies.

Observe how much the salamander eats.

Usually, the salamanders will just stop eating when they are full. The amount you feed your salamander is really up to him. For the first few feeding days, offer him a set (you determine the amount) amount of food. Check after a few hours. If there are any crickets or worms left, you know your salamander doesn’t need as much food. Note that the salamanders and tiger salamanders will become overweight if they are fed too much food.

Remove uneaten food from your salamander’s home.

If your salamander hasn’t eaten all of the food within a few hours, it means he’s full. Remove the live food from the terrarium. If you don’t remove it, the live prey may try to bite or irritate the salamander. If you own an aquatic species of salamander, remember to always remove uneaten food from the water or you risk contaminating the water and growing mold.


You may be able to find the earthworms in your yard or buy them from a tackle shop for a reasonable price. The salamanders love shady, hazy and damp places. Do not place objects with sharp corners in your terrarium. They can damage your salamander’s sensitive skin.


If you set up your terrarium outdoors, make sure it doesn’t get direct sunlight. Our skin is toxic to salamanders. Don’t touch the animals.

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